There are a few simple ways in which you can prevent the urinary tract infection or its symptoms.
- Good personal hygiene is important, it reduces the chance for bacteria to grow and thrive. Drink a lot of water. It is a good idea to urinate as soon as possible after sex.
- All these methods can help to eliminate a major part of all bacteria that would otherwise remain inside the urethra. Empty your bladder often. Urinating regularly can have a preventive effect.
Preventive measures can help to reduce symptoms even when you already have an infection. When you are having an ongoing infection, you should avoid sex since it could aggravate your symptoms.
Urinary tract infections are seldom severe. The body generally heals the infection by itself, and the symptoms are in most cases mild. Nevertheless, an infection may lead to painful and severe symptoms. The disease can be controlled with effective and gentle treatments.
There are effective medications that relieve severe symptoms and make them heal faster. Non-prescription preparations such as pain killers can also be used for relieving symptoms.
Several different kinds of antibiotics can be used for treating urinary tract infections. A course of antibiotics usually shortens the healing period and brings relief to symptoms that you might have. In favourable circumstances, the healing period can be shortened drastically.
The duration of a course of antibiotics may vary greatly depending on whether the infection is acute or mild. The duration of a course usually varies between 3 to 14 days. Longer treatments are mostly used for acute cases of urinary tract infections.
Three popular types of antibiotics that are effective when treating urinary tract infections are:
- Cephalosporins or fluoroquinolones are two other groups of antibiotics that are both short-acting and works effectively against the infection
A type of antibiotics that is both short-acting and potent is trimethoprim. Symptoms can be reduced after around 24 hours after intake, if circumstances are favourable. Since trimethoprim is effective and works fast, it is one of the most commonly used courses for recurring urinary tract infections. A course can last from 3 to 14 days, but for most people a shorter treatment is enough.
Recurring or frequently recurring symptoms generally require more thorough examinations and tests to identify the potential reasons for the recurring symptoms. Frequent treatments can increase the risk of bacteria becoming resistant, and for this reason antibiotics need to be mixed, and they need to be taken from different groups for each course.