Urinary tract infections can affect both sexes. Even if women are more often affected than men, it is not uncommon for men to get infections in the urinary tract and bladder. The lower tendency of developing infections in urinary tracts and bladder in men is due to a longer urethra giving more protection. Furthermore, the male urethra is situated in a place of the body that is less likely to be affected by bacteria.
Differences between men and women
Men get UTIs for the same reasons as women do – bacterial infections in the urethra and bladder. In most cases, it is the same type of bacteria causing the infection, but bacteria like E. Coli cause less cases of infections in men than in women. Enterobacter causes a larger part of cases. When men get urinary tract infections, the prostate gland is often affected.
In many cases, men get urinary tract infections due to risk factors or issues that increase the risk of infection. Common causes are prostatic congestions, stones in the urinary tract or deformities.
Symptoms are very similar in men and women. Men can suffer from both cystitis and pyelonephritis.
The most common symptoms are:
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Pain when urinating
- Unusually frequent urge to urinate
- Blood in the urine
Another symptom that may occur in the lower abdominal region is light pain, often close to the bladder. You may also feel a bit cold during the infection.
Pyelonephritis is a more serious kind of infection which causes symptoms that are very similar to UTI, but usually a lot more painful. You will experience a strong general feeling of sickness. If you contracted pyelonephritis you will most often feel very sick and tired. Fever and nausea are common.